United Nations

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

United Nations

Parallel form(s) of name

  • Nations Unies

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • UN

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1945/10/24 -

History

"The United Nations was a name devised by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942 when 26 nations pledged to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. The United Nations Charter was drawn up by the representatives of countries at the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, 25 April-26 June 1945, and was based on proposals worked out earlier at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington D.C. by representatives of China, the USSR, the United Kingdom and the United States in August-October 1944. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945 when the Charter was ratified by China, France, the USSR, the United Kingdom and the United States, and by a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year" (Guide to the Archives of International Organizations).

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

"The Purposes of the United Nations are:
a) To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;
b) To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
c) To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and
d) To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends" (Guide to the Archives of International Organizations).

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by AWT 26/06/2012.

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

UN. (2011). Guide to the Archives of International Organizations. Accessed online 25/06/2011: http://www.unesco.org/archives/sio/Eng/presentation.php?idOrg=1030

Maintenance notes

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