Titulescu, Nicolae

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Person

Authorized form of name

Titulescu, Nicolae

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Other form(s) of name

  • Titulesco, Nicolas

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Description area

Dates of existence

1882-1941

History

Nicolae Titulescu was born in Craiova, Romania, in 1882. He studied law in Paris and graduated with a thesis on civil law in 1907. Afterwards he returned to Romania where he taught civil law first at Iași then at Bucharest. He was elected to the Romanian parliament in 1912. A member of the Conservative party lead by Take Ionescu, Titulescu was appointed Finance Minister in 1917. In 1918 he participated in the founding of the National Romanian Committee in Paris, which lobbied for the right of the Romanian people to national unity.
After the first world war, Titulescu played an active role at the peace negotiations in 1920. He signed the Treaty of Trianon on behalf of Romania, which returned the province of Transylvania to Romania. He became Minister of Finance for the second time that year, and introduced a reform of the fiscal system. This unpopular measure helped to topple the government in 1921. Between 1922 and 1926 as well as 1928 and 1932, Titulescu served as a Romanian plenipotentiary in London.

In 1930, he was elected President of the eleventh session of the League of Nations (LN) General Assembly and he became a member of the ICIC (which he remained until 1939). He was reelected as President of the twelfth General Assembly the following year. Having been elected Romanian Foreign Minister, he took a pro-French foreign policy line, leading Romania into the “Little Entente” alongside Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. He also signed the 1934 Balkan Pact.

Differences with King Carol II and international tensions forced him to resign as Foreign Minister in 1936. However, he remained a delegate at the LN Assembly and denounced vigorously the Nazi re-militarisation of the Rhineland at the 91st session of the LN Council. He died after long illness in Cannes, France, in 1941.

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Related entity

International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation

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Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1930-1939

Description of relationship

Nicolae Titulescu was a member of the ICIC.

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Created by Marie Caillot 02/11/2011. English translation by Jan Stöckmann 11-08-2015.

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