Tagore, Rabindranath

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Tagore, Rabindranath

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  • Thakur, Rabindranath
  • Ṭhākur, Rabīndranāth
  • Thākura, Rabīndranātha
  • ঠাকুর, রবীন্দ্রনাথ
  • Gurudev

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Dates of existence

1861– 1941

History

Born in 1861 in Calcutta, Rabindranath Tagore came from a wealthy intelligentsia background. After private tutoring at home and incomplete studies in England, he returned to India and began to publish poetry in the 1880s. He introduced new prose and verse forms in Bengali literature, and rose to international fame for his own work as well as his translations of Western and Bengali works. From 1878 until 1901 he managed the family estate in Shelaidaha, before moving to Santiniketan in 1901 where he founded an experimental school, trying to bring together Western and Indian traditions. This ashram eventually became known as Visva-Bharati University. From 1912, he went on numerous lecture tours outside of India. In 1913 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first non-European laureate. Tagore was knighted in 1915, but in 1919 resigned the honour out of protest against British policies in India.

In 1927, the IIIC approached Tagore to enquire whether there was a journal published by Visva-Bharati University that could be added to the IIIC’s list of periodicals, though there is no evidence of a reply. In 1934, Tagore was invited by Gilbert Murray to collaborate in the activities of the IIIC, notably with regard to a publication on the relationship between East and West, to which Tagore responded positively. In 1935, the IIIC published a correspondence between Murray and Tagore. Tagore died in 1941. Tagore's work has been repeatedly published in UNESCO’s Courier magazine. After his death, in 1961, UNESCO celebrated his 100th anniversary with a special issue of the Courier.

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Created by Jan Stöckmann 10-08-2015. Minor revision, AWT, 17-11-2015. French translation by Alexandre Coutelle, 19-11-2015.

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