Rocco, Alfredo

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Rocco, Alfredo

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Alfredo Rocco, born in Naples in 1875, was a jurist, close to Mussolini, and considered as one of the principle theorists of the fascist regime. He began his university career as lecturer in commercial law at the University of Urbino in 1899. Between 1902 and 1905, he taught at the University of Macerata. In 1907 he gained a professorship at the University of Parma, and the following year at Parlermo. Between 1910 and 1925 he taught business law at Padua. After the First World War, Rocco became involved with the fascist movement. In 1921 he was elected a deputy of Rome. After the blackshirts’ march on Rome on 28 October 1922, Rocco was appointed Under-Secretary of State at the Treasury, and in 1923 at the Ministry of Finance, a post that he held until March 1929. Between May 1924 and January 1925 he served as President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies. In 1925 he was appointed Minister of Justice and Culture, remaining in this position until 1932. In this position he drafted the fascist laws, passed in 1926 and 1927, intended to install a corporative and totalitarian state structure within the constitutional monarchy. Having been made a Senator in 1934, he died the following year in Rome.

Rocco was placed by Mussolini in various key positions of the Organisation of Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations (LN). In 1925, he replaced fellow Italian Francesco Ruffini, who had been removed from his position due to his anti-fascist stance, in the latter’s positions as a member of the ICIC (1925–35), member of the Governing body of the IIIC (1925–), and as President of the Italian Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (1928–1935). In November 1928, he assumed the presidency of the International Cinematographic Institute in Rome which he held until his illness and death in 1935. Between 1934 and 1937 the vacancy at the head of the Cinematographic Institute was filled by Paulucci di Calboli, chief of staff at the Italian Foreign Affairs Ministry between 1922 and 1927, and later Under-Secretary General at the LN (1927–1932). In 1937, Balbino Guiliano briefly served as president of the Cinematographic Institute, before it closed its doors in December 1937, following Italy’s withdrawal from the LN. He died in 1935.


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International Educational Cinematographic Institute (IECI) (1928-1937)

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Alfredo Rocco was President of the IECI.

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International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation

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Alfredo Rocco was a member of the ICIC.

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Created by Marie Caillot 28/10/2011. Translated by Jan Stöckmann 07-08-2015.




  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1: boîte 5. IICI. A. I. 28. Correspondance avec M. Rocco. (1927-1930). 61 pièces.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1: boîte 20. IICI. A. III. 2. Commission nationale italienne de Coopération intellectuelle. (1929-1946). "Prima sessione tenuta nella R. Academia dei Lincei nei giorni 8-10 Aprile 1929", p. 6.
  • "Il Presidente Alfredo Rocco". Article du site de la Chambre des Députés italienne. Retrieved from: Accessed 28 October 2011.
  • "Alfredo Rocco". Article Wikipédia. Retrieved from: Accessed 28 October 2011.
  • Milza, P. Bernstein, S. (1980).Le fascisme italien, 1919-1945. Paris : éd. du Seuil. P. 138, 141, 185.
  • Renoliet, J.-J. (1999). L'UNESCO oubliée. La Société des Nations et la coopération intellectuelle (1919-1946). Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne. P. 72, 87, 94, 96, 110, 113, 184, 269, 283.
  • Taillibert, C. (1999). L’Institut international du Cinématographe éducatif. Regards sur le rôle du cinéma éducatif dans la politique internationale du fascisme italien. Paris : L’Harmattan. P. 25, 78-79, 82, 87-89, 95, 119, 122-123, 138, 143, 148, 245, 254, 292, 326, 341-342.

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