Type of entity
Authorized form of name
Parallel form(s) of name
Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules
Other form(s) of name
- Godoy y Alcayaga, Lucila
Identifiers for corporate bodies
Dates of existence
Born in 1889 in Vicuña, Chile, as Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga, she used her writer’s pseudonym Gabriela Mistral since 1914. Raised in a small Andean village, she began to teach at primary and secondary schools at the age of fifteen and remained a committed educator throughout her life. The publication of Sonnets of Death in 1914 won her a national prize and helped to build her reputation as a poet. In 1923 she became professor of Spanish at the University of Chile. In 1945 she received the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first Latin American woman to do so.
In 1926, Mistral became the Chilean delegate at the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC). From 1933 she went on numerous diplomatic missions for Chile, and during the Second World War she lived in Brazil. Mistral died, having suffered from cancer for several years, in 1957 in New York.
Functions, occupations and activities
Mandates/sources of authority
Access points area
Authority record identifier
Rules and/or conventions used
Level of detail
Dates of creation, revision and deletion
- J.-J. Renoliet, L’UNESCO oubliée: la Société des Nations et la coopération intellectuelle, 1919–1946 (Paris, 1999).
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1, name index cards