Mistral, Gabriela

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Mistral, Gabriela

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Other form(s) of name

  • Godoy y Alcayaga, Lucila

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Description area

Dates of existence

1889–1957

History

Born in 1889 in Vicuña, Chile, as Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga, she used her writer’s pseudonym Gabriela Mistral since 1914. Raised in a small Andean village, she began to teach at primary and secondary schools at the age of fifteen and remained a committed educator throughout her life. The publication of Sonnets of Death in 1914 won her a national prize and helped to build her reputation as a poet. In 1923 she became professor of Spanish at the University of Chile. In 1945 she received the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first Latin American woman to do so.

In 1926, Mistral became the Chilean delegate at the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC). From 1933 she went on numerous diplomatic missions for Chile, and during the Second World War she lived in Brazil. Mistral died, having suffered from cancer for several years, in 1957 in New York.

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Created by Jan Stöckmann 10-08-2015. French translation by Alexandre Coutelle, 19-11-2015.

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