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- Madariaga y Rojo, Salvador de
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Dates of existence
Salvador de Madariaga was born in Corona, Spain, in 1886. He studied at the Instituto Cisneros in Madrid and in France at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole des Mines. He worked as a railway engineer from 1912 to 1916, and simultaneously engaged in literary and journalistic work in the Spanish press, specialising in French and British affairs. In 1916, he joined the London Times.
He served as a technical Attaché to the Spanish delegation to the Barcelona Conference on the freedom of transit (1921), and began to work at the League of Nations (LN) the same year. He became a member of the Information Section at the LN Secretariat (1921), and went on to head the Disarmament Section from 1921 until 1927. His diplomatic career was interrupted by the Spanish Civil War. During the Second Spanish Republic, he served as Minister of Public Education, a post from which he resigned after five weeks to become successively ambassador to the US and France. De Madariaga also continued to represent Spain at the LN for this period. Forced into exile after the defeat of the Republicans, he focused on teaching, historical research, journalism and literature. After the Second World War he was elected president of the cultural department of the European movement, and then served as co-founding president of the College of Europe in Bruges until 1972. He later retired to Locarno where he died in 1978.
A member of the ICIC, de Madariaga was involved in the activities of the Sub-Committee on Arts and Letters during the 1920s, before becoming a member of the Permanent Committee on Arts and Letters in 1931. In 1936 the ICIC selected him as President of the Committee of Directors of the International Museums Office (IMO). A novelist and poet, he participated in the correspondences and interviews, organised and published by the IIIC: Entretiens sur Goethe (1932), Pour une Société des Esprits (1933), L'Avenir de la Culture (1933), L'Avenir de l'esprit européen (1934), L' Art et la réalité. L' Art et l'Etat (1935), Vers un nouvel humanisme (1937) and Le Destin prochain des lettres (1938).
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- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI, "Bulletin de la Coopération intellectuelle", n°3, mars 1931, p. 104.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/1. IICI, Entretiens sur Goethe à l'occasion du centenaire de sa mort. Paris : IICI, 1932. P. 37-43, 89-90, 188-189.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/2. IICI, L'Avenir de la Culture. Paris : IICI, 1933. P. 135-152, 238-240, 253, 256, 259, 262-265, 268-273, 276-277.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/3/1. IICI, Pour une Société des Esprits. Paris : IICI, 1933. (Lettre de Salvador de Madariaga à Paul Valéry) P. 93-111.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/3. IICI, L'Avenir de l'esprit européen. Paris : IICI, 1934. P. 169, 226, 231, 236-238, 240, 284.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/4. IICI, L'Art et la réalité. L'Art et l'Etat (1935). Paris : IICI, 1935. P. 155, 198, 289, 313.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/6. IICI, Vers un nouvel humanisme. Paris : IICI, 1937. P. 11-19, 87-94, 110, 119-120, 134, 140, 163-166.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/8. IICI, Le Destin prochain des lettres. Paris : IICI, 1938. P. 26-30, 48-51, 84-93, 103-104, 106-107, 115-117, 154, 169, 175-178, 195.
- UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : boîte 510. "Report of the Committe on the work ot its eighteenth plenary session" (Rapport de la CICI adressé au Conseil et à l'Assemblée de la SDN). Geneva, August 10th 1936. P. 13.
- "Salvador de MADARIAGA Y ROJO (1886-1978)". Retrieved from: site de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris http://annales.org/archives/x/madariaga.html Accessed 20 October 2011.
- Birebent, B. (2007). Militants de la paix et de la SDN : Les mouvements de soutien à la Société des nations en France et au Royaume-Uni : 1918-1925. Paris : L'Harmattan. P. 139.