Krüß, Hugo Andres

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Krüß, Hugo Andres

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  • Krüss, Hugo Andres

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Hugo Andres Krüß was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1879. After a degree in physics Krüß entered the Prussian Ministry of Culture and helped to prepare the German exhibition at the St. Louis World’s Fair 1904–5. Having served as captain during the First World War, he pursued a career in the Prussian Ministry of Culture: Councillor (1918), Assistant Secretary (1920), interim State Secretary (1921), and Chief of Staff at the Minister’s office (1922). In 1925 Krüß was appointed Director-General of the Prussian State Library (Generaldirektor der Preussischen Staatsbibliothek), though he had never worked previously in the field of libraries. Nevertheless, Krüß remained in this position until his suicide in 1945.

In support of international intellectual cooperation, Krüß served as Albert Einstein’s deputy at the ICIC. In 1926 he became a member of the Sub-Committee of Bibliography at the IIIC and participated, in his capacity as Director-General of the Prussian State Library, at the annual reunions organised by the IIIC on intellectual cooperation and library matters. Following Albert Einstein’s resignation in 1932, Krüß occupied his seat at the ICIC until 1933. Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations (LN) on 19 October 1933, and a wave of resignations ensued among German LN officials, including Hugo Andres Krüß in November 1933.


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Created by Marie Caillot 24/10/2011. English translation by Jan Stöckmann 11-08-2015.




  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1: IICI, Bulletin de la Coopération intellectuelle, n°1, janvier 1931, p. 8.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : boîte 3. IICI. A. I. 15. Correspondance avec le professeur Einstein, membre de la CICI et avec son suppléant le Dr. Krüss (1925-1933). Voir notamment : lettre de Hugo Andres Krüß à Henri Bonnet (directeur de l’IICI) du 17 novembre 1933.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : boîte 509. IICI-CICI (1922-1929). Rapport de la CICI soumis au Conseil de la SDN, 7e session, Genève, 18 février 1926.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : boîte 509. IICI-CICI (1922-1929). Rapport de la CICI sur les travaux de sa 16e session plénière, Genève, 11 août 1934. P. 3.
  • Gering, P. E. (Dr.). "Die Gründer und Mitbegründer der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Dokumentation im NS-Staat. Biographische Skizzen. Geheimrat Prof. Dr. Hugo Andres Krüß (1879-1945), Generaldirektor der Preußischen Staatsbibliothek Berlin". Site de l’université de Tübingen. Retrieved from: Accessed 24 October 2011.
  • Renoliet, J.-J. (1999). L'UNESCO oubliée. La Société des Nations et la coopération intellectuelle (1919-1946). Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne. P. 94, 96, 102, 115, 120, 184, 216, 240, 242, 253.
  • Schochow, W. "Hugo Andres Krüss und die Preussische Staatsbibliothek. Seine Berufung zum Generaldirektor 1925 und die Folgen". Retrieved from: Accessed 24 October 2011.

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