Giuliano, Balbino

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Giuliano, Balbino

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Description area

Dates of existence

1879-1958

History

Balbino Guilano was born in Fossano, Italy, in 1879. He completed his studies in philosophy and literature at the University of Turin, and went on to teach philosophy at Florence (1925–1930), Bologna (1931–1932), and Rome (1932–1935). He was Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy and Literature in Rome from 1935 until 1940. Besides his university achievements, he pursued a political career in the fascist movement. Having served as Secretary of State from 1924 until 1925, he became Minister of Education in 1929 and remained in this position until 1932. It was during his tenure that teachers at Italian universities saw the imposition of an oath of allegiance to the regime. In 1934 he became Senator. After the breakdown of the Fascist system, Guilano retired from political and university life and benefitted from the Togliatti amnesty. He died in 1958 in Rome.

Guilano repeatedly took part in activities of the Organisation of Intellectual Cooperation (OIC). In 1928, the Italian Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was founded, the members of which were elected on the proposition of the Education Ministry and with the consent of the Foreign Affairs Ministry: Guilano was elected President of this Committee in 1935. He was also appointed a member of the ICIC and President of the International Educational Cinematographic Institute in 1937. However, Italy’s withdrawal from the LN on 11 December 1937 put an end to Guilano’s activities at the OCI, as to those of all other Italian civil servants at the LN.

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Related entity

International Educational Cinematographic Institute (IECI) (1928-1937)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1937

Description of relationship

He was President of the IECI

Related entity

International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Balbino Guilano was a member of the ICIC.

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Created by Marie Caillot 27/10/2011. Translated by Jan Stöckmann 07-08-2015.

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Sources


  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : boîte 20. IICI. A. III. 2. Commission nationale italienne de Coopération intellectuelle. (1929-1946). "Italie. Commission nationale de Coopération intellectuelle" [note de présentation], p. 2.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : CICI/461. Organisation de Coopération intellectuelle, "Les Commissions nationales de Coopération intellectuelle", Genève 1937, "Italie", p. 77-86.
  • UNESCO Archives, Archival Group 1 : IICI/2/8. IICI, Le Destin prochain des lettres. Paris : IICI, 1938. P. 81-84, 90, 92-93, 156, 179-180, 182, 185-186, 194-195.
  • "Balbino Giuliano". Article Wikipédia. Retrieved from: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balbino_Giuliano Accessed 27 October 2011.
  • Renoliet, J.-J. (1999). L'UNESCO oubliée. La Société des Nations et la coopération intellectuelle (1919-1946). Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne. P. 185.
  • Taillibert, C. (1999). L’Institut international du Cinématographe éducatif. Regards sur le rôle du cinéma éducatif dans la politique internationale du fascisme italien. Paris : L’Harmattan. P. 89, 355-356.

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