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- Drummond, Eric
- Drummond, Eric James (16th Earl of Perth)
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Eric Drummond, born in Fulford, England, in 1876, was a British diplomat. Coming from an aristocratic Scottish family, he studied at Eton College and entered the Foreign Office in 1900 where he successively served as private secretary to Prime Minister Herbert Asquith and then to Foreign Secretaries Edward Grey and Arthur Balfour. During the First World War he participated at the negotiations on the establishment of a League of Nations and in 1917 suggested a project entitled “Proposed Formation of the League of Nations to Secure the Maintenance of Future Peace”. Supported by Lord Robert Cecil, former British Prime Minister and advocate of the LN, Drummond was chosen as its first Secretary-General in April 1919. He held this post until 1933, when he was succeeded by Joseph Avenol. He subsequently became British ambassador to Italy. Upon his return to Britain in 1939 he occupied various positions in government ministries and the House of Lords. He died in 1951.
Drummond participated at the works of the ICIC and argued, in 1926, that it could be considered a permanent body of the LN, which was confirmed by the LN Assembly vote in September 1926.
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- Renoliet, J.-J. (1999). L'UNESCO oubliée. La Société des Nations et la coopération intellectuelle (1919-1946). Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne. P. 13, 126, 181-182.
- Van den Dungen, P. (1996). "Sir Eric Drummond: the First international Cicil Servant" in The League of Nations, 1920-1946. Organization and Accomplishments. A Retrospective of the First Organization for the Establishment of World Peace. New York: UN. P. 30-33.