Forme autorisée du nom
Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom
- Council of Europe
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“The Council of Europe was founded to promote European construction through a common democratic and legal area, structured notably around the European Convention on Human Rights” (Guide to the Archives of International Organizations).
It was founded on May 5, 1949, by 10 western European countries—Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. From the 1950s to the 1980s, these original members were joined by 13 others and with the demise of communist regimes throughout Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s, the Council significantly expanded its membership (Encyclopedia Britannica).
“The Council of Europe addresses issues of common concern to its members, including human rights, crime prevention, drug abuse, environmental protection, bioethical issues, and migration. To manage these affairs, the council has devised more than 160 international agreements, treaties, and conventions that have replaced literally tens of thousands of bilateral treaties between various European states. Among the most important of its agreements are the European Convention on Human Rights (1950), the European Cultural Convention (1954), the European Social Charter (1961), the European Convention on the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment and Punishment (1987), the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (1995), and the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (1997). After the collapse of communism in eastern and central Europe in 1989–91, the council aided the countries of the region to overhaul their constitutions and legal codes and to democratize their political systems.” (Encyclopedia Britannica).
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- "Council of Europe." (2012). Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Accessed online 13/07/2012: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/195892/Council-of-Europe.
- “Council of Europe.” (2011). Guide to the Archives of International Organizations. Accessed online 13/07/2012: http://www.unesco.org/archives/sio/Eng/presentation.php?idOrg=1004