Climatic zones

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Climatic zones

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Climatic zones

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Climatic zones

174 archival descriptions results for Climatic zones

PHOTO0000001045

English transcription: Tree planting in Negev desert.
French transcription: Terre aride dans le désert du Negev et plantation experimentale.
Description: Dry land. Cracks in the ground. Small tree planted in the dry earth. Sign of hope; life in a lifeless place.
Location: Avdat.

PHOTO0000001051

English transcription: View of the arid zone in the Atlantico Province.
French transcription: Zone aride.
Location: Atlantico Province.

PHOTO0000001445

English transcription: 23.087 SAHARA - Fort Flatters - 1961. The recent discovery of a deep artesian well gives a completely revised picture of the future development of this region of the Sahara desert. Experimental borings have release high pressure jets of water at a temperature of 60C which is already being used in the irrigation channels of the region. Shown here is a general view of the oasis at Fort Flatters.
French transcription: SAHARA - Fort Flatters - 1961. La nappe albienne (nappe d'eau fossile) constitue la plus importante des richesses du sous-sol saharien. Des forages ont permis d'exploiter cette eau qui, canalisée pour l'irrigation, rend ainsi peu à peu la vie à ce grand désert. Ici, vue générale de l'oasis de Fort-Flatters.
Description: The photo shows an oasis in the desert with palm trees and a fort.
Location: Fort Flatters.

PHOTO0000001446

English transcription: The Oasis of Djanet is situated in a river wadi between the Plateau of Tassili des Ajjer and the sandy wastes of the Erg d'Admor. Due to the plentiful water supply, the non-nomadic inhabitants of the oasis live by farming. Shown here, is a general view of the oasis.
French transcription: L'Oasis de Djanet est située au bord d'un oued, entre le Plateau du Tassili des Ajjer et l'Erg d'Admer. Les puits traditionnels fournissent l'eau en abondance, permettant ainsi à la population sédentaire de la région de vivre de la culture. Ici, vue de l'oasis.
Description: Vue aérienne d'une osasis, on voit des habitations à toits plats. Elles sont entourées par une palmeraie qui devient plus rare et le sable remplace les arbres. Il y a également de nombreux rochers qui marquent la limite de l'osasis.
Location: Oasis of Djanet.

PHOTO0000001447

English transcription: The oasis.
French transcription: L'oasis.
Description: An oasis with palm trees and a relatively small building. A group of people with animals can also be seen near the building.
Location: Atar-Chinguetti.

PHOTO0000001448

English transcription: Drought.
French transcription: Sécheresse.
Description: The picture shows dry soil with cracks. There is a small plant in the lower left corner of the photo.

PHOTO0000001449

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. Acording to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. The oasis of Ghardaia.
French transcription: A la damande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800.000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydroagricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20.000 à 30.000 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. L'oasis de Ghardaia située dans cette région.
Description: The picture was taken across a plain and is showing the oasis of Ghardaia.
Location: Ghardaia.

PHOTO0000001450

English transcription: The Tassili des Ajjer is a vast rocky sandstone plateau which, due to its altitude (5.000 ft), has a comparatively humid climate. Because of this, the plateau is one of the rare zones in the Algerian south where vegetation has survived - in the main, cypresses and wild olive trees. Its inhabitants, the Touareg Ajjer, are nomadic sheperds. Shown here, a Touareg and his mules on their way home from the oasis of Djanet where they have been replenishing their stocks of dates and grain.
French transcription: Le Tassili des Ajjer est un vaste plateau de gré dont l'altitude relativement élevée (1500 m.) lui confère une humidité qui a permis la survie d'une rare végétation (principalement cyprès et oliviers). Cette région est habitée par les Touaregs Ajjer, nomades vivant des ressources que leur offrent leurs troupeaux de chèvres. Ici, un Targui rentre avec ses ânes chargés de dattes et de blé qu'il a été chercher à l'oasis de Djanet.
Description: Dans un désert de sable et de roches, un homme à pieds guide trois ânes. Chacune des bêtes est chargée de paniers et d'accessoires de cuisine comme des bidons et des casseroles. L'horizon est barré par une falaise rocheuse.
Location: Tassili des Ajjer.

PHOTO0000001451

English transcription: Desert scene.
French transcription: Scène du désert.
Description: The silhouette of a woman carrying a container on her head is seen in the distance. In the foreground is desert, low stone walls and small ground-level palms. In the background, a sand dune.
Location: Fort Flatters.

PHOTO0000001452

English transcription: Arid zones.
French transcription: Zones arides.
Description: Vue d'une plaine deserte. On ne voit qu'un palmier, un puit et quelques herbes. Il y a surtout des cailloux et deux collines.
Location: Ouarzazate.

PHOTO0000001453

English transcription: Arid zones - the argan tree. This tree is very common in the arid and rocky area and, without it, the population could not survive. The oil extracted from its fruit is greatly appreciated ; the cows feed on the fruits ; the goats and camels eat the leaves, because of the scarcity of grass ; and the wood is used for building and for hoating purposes.
French transcription: Zones arides - un arganier. Cet arbre est très répandu dans toute cette région aride et rocailleuse ; sans lui, la population de cette zone ne pourrait subsister. Ses fruits fournissent une huile très estimée et en même temps une partie de la nourriture des vaches. L'arganier constitue aussi la nourriture primordiale des chèvres et des chameaux qui mangent ses feuilles par suite du manque d'herbe. Son bois, enfin, sert à la construction et au chauffage.
Description: Dans une plaine avec des arbres et de l'herbe rase, des chèvres sont en train de paitre. Certaines broutent le sol mais d'autres ont grimper dans un arbre pour en manger les feuilles.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001458

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by 2000. The oasis of Timimoun.
French transcription: À la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800 000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydro-agricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20 000 à 30 000 emplois nouveaux d'ici l'an 2000. L'oasis de Timimoun située dans cette région.
Description: View of the Timimoun oasis with desert in the background.

PHOTO0000001462

English transcription: Arid zone - landscape in the Sunyukaia district.
French transcription: Paysage de cette région aride.
Description: Landscape of arid land with small gnarly trees. A dirt road is seen on the bottom left corner of the picture. A dramatic, cloudy sky hangs over the land.
Location: Sunyukaia.

PHOTO0000001463

English transcription: View of the Mauritanian desert.
French transcription: Zones arides - vue du désert mauritanien.
Description: In the foreground is a rock formation in an arid land. At a distance three people stand by a truck.

PHOTO0000001464

English transcription: Western Great Erg.
French transcription: Grand Erg occidental.
Description: Sand mounds in the desert extend as far as the eye can see. In the foreground a single set of footprints trails off into the distance.

PHOTO0000001465

French transcription: Forêts pétrifiées région de Thiès.
Description: Petrified trees with bare limbs in the Thiès region of Senegal stand in dry, arid land.
Location: Thiès.

PHOTO0000001466

English transcription: Typical example of slumping due to erosion. In the foreground an aleurite plantation.
French transcription: Sur la montagne, glissement de terrain dû à l'érosion. Au premier plan, plantation d'aleurites.
Description: The view begins at the edge of a tree plantation which extends to a series of rolling hills. A landslide is seen on the face of the hill closest to the end of the plantation.
Location: Imerina Province.

PHOTO0000001467

English transcription: Gully erosion.
French transcription: Érosion.
Description: At a distance, a man, who may be a park ranger, holding a rifle upright looks onto the eroded gully.
Location: Suk - Western Kenya.

PHOTO0000001468

English transcription: Arid zones - the dried-up rocky bed of the salt-water Wadi Noun.
French transcription: Zones arides - dalles rocheuses au fond de l'Oued Noun dont l'eau est salée.
Description: A mostly dried-up riverbed is surrounded by canyon-type rock formations. A small stream of water is seen in the foreground.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001469

English transcription: A view of the desert in the Atar-Chinguetti region.
French transcription: Le désert dans la région d'Atar-Chinguetti.
Description: A desert scene with rock and sand formations extending into the distance.
Location: Atar-Chinguetti.

PHOTO0000001470

English transcription: The track from Zinder to Agadès.
French transcription: Piste de Zinder à Agadès.
Description: Dry, arid land with trees to the right and a dirt road to the left of the picture. In the distance is a tall rock formation; a shadowy figure stands near the top of it.

PHOTO0000001471

English transcription: Arid zones - sandstorm around a nomad camp.
French transcription: Zones arides - vent de sable aux alentours d'un campement de nomades.
Description: A dromedary lies on the ground with its head elevated, looking into the camera. Two tents are seen in the background.
Location: Goulimine region.

PHOTO0000001482

English transcription: Navarino Island (Lat. 55° S.). Puerto Williams antarctic beeches bowed by the west wind.
French transcription: Île de Navarino (Lat. 55° S.), Puerto Williams hêtres antarctiques inclinés par le vent d'ouest.
Description: A clump of windswept trees stand in the middle of a field surrounded by smaller windswept bushes and trees.
Location: Tierra del Fuego ; Navarino Island.

PHOTO0000001514

English transcription: Bed of ancient Nahrwan canal.
French transcription: Lit de l'ancien canal Nahrwan.
Description: A man in traditional clothes walking along a dried-up canal in a desert landscape, with dunes in the background. The man is wearing a long scarf covering head, neck and shoulders, and a dark jacket over an ankle-length loose fitting garment.

PHOTO0000001516

English transcription: The Rann of Kutch originally formed part of the sea bed until earth movements raised their level. From time to time, when strong winds blow from the west, they are again flooded by sea water. Shown here is a sample of the cracked soil found in the Rann.
French transcription: Cette région était recouverte par la mer avant que les mouvements du sol en aient élevé le niveau. De temps à autre, lorsque le vent souffle fortement de l'Ouest, elle est a nouveau envahie par les eaux. La photo donne un exemple de la surface craquelée du sol.
Description: Cracked soil of a dried-up sea bed.
Location: State of Gujarat, the Rann of Kutch.

PHOTO0000001517

English transcription: Arid landscape in the Andalusian mountains.
French transcription: Paysage aride dans les montagnes d'Andalousie.
Description: Aerial view of a dry mountainous terrain. Some spots of vegetation can be seen, as are some dried out water courses and/or rudimentary trails.
Location: Region of Andalusia.

PHOTO0000001518

English transcription: Total erosion of the soil as a result of extensive deforestation and harmful agricultural practices.
French transcription: Érosion totale du sol à la suite d'un déboisement excessif et de mauvaise méthodes de culture.
Description: A hill of cascading - totally eroded and deeply crevassed - land. There are a few trees in the background, along with a white house, top right.
Location: Carius (State of Paraiba).

PHOTO0000001519

English transcription: Deforestation, soil-erosion, stones and shrubs the barren hills of Binayak in the Himalaya District of Almara, bordering Tibet and Nepal.
French transcription: Déboisement, érosion, pierres et broussailles sur les pentes incultes de Binayak, dans la Région d'Almara, Himalaya, aux confins du Tibet et du Nepal.
Description: Mountainous landscape scarred by eroded terraced lands. There seems to be a building in the central clearing, and - linked to it by a road - another one higher up the mountain side.
Location: Binayak.

PHOTO0000001520

English transcription: The road from Aqaba to railroad terminal Ras-el-Nag'b.
Description: A view from the top of a rocky promontory, of a vast, mountainous desert landscape, traversed by a winding paved road. A truck is heading leftwards, and a small utility vehicule - facing to the right - is parked, with the driver standing behind it, watching the photographer.
Location: Aqaba.

PHOTO0000001521

English transcription: Arid zones are one of Australia's major problems. Shown here are badly eroded rocks and trees deprived of their leaves by lack of moisture.
French transcription: Zones arides. Celles-ci sont l'un des problèmes les plus importants d'Australie. Ici, roches attaquées par l'érosion et arbres dénudés par la sécheresse.
Description: In the background, an immense, unevenly eroded rock. In front, dried up, dying trees and shrubs; dry grass and thistles.

PHOTO0000001522

French transcription: Troupeau de dromadaires dans le désert.
Description: A flock of over 2 dozen adult and young dromedaries - of which 5 or 6 are whitish in colour - walking roughly in single file through a desert landscape A mounted herdsman is in the middle of the file, and several seem to be standing to the rear.

PHOTO0000001524

French transcription: Communauté dans la zone aride du nord-argentin.
Description: A long, stretched-out ensemble of buildings - possibly dwellings and farmhouses - lost in the midst of a vast rocky, dry terrain. The community seems to be deserted.
Location: Pisouno.

PHOTO0000001525

English transcription: The United Nations Development Programme is providing assistance to the Government of Iraq, in co-operation with the Scientific Research Council, in the organization of the Iraq Institute for Research and Exploitation of Natural Resources at Abu Ghraib. UNESCO has the responsibility for the implementation of the project. Here, a laboratory technician testing salinity of irrigation water.
French transcription: Le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement assiste le Gouvernement de l'Irak, en collaboration avec le Conseil irakien de la Recherche scientifique, dans l'organisation de l'Institut pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation des ressources naturelles du pays à Abu Ghraib. L'UNESCO est chargé de s'occuper essentiellement de la mise en valeur, pour l'agriculture, des terres salées, et appauvries. Ici, une technicienne de laboratoire faisant des essais de salinité de l'eau d'irrigation.
Description: Inside a science laboratory, a women in a white coat is blowing with a long pipe into a glass beaker in her hand. A man in a black suit - in front of a door and next to a coathanger - is watching her. The centre of the room is dominated by a high, massive table covered with glass beakers, test tubes, and various other items of laboratory equipment.
Location: Abu Ghraib.

PHOTO0000001526

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated lands which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. Date palms, dotted around underground water resources near Timimoun provide the principal culture of this region.
French transcription: A la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800,000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydro-agricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20,00 à 30,00 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. Ces palmiers, groupés autour d'un point d'eau près de Timimoun, sont la principale culture de la région.
Description: Aerial view of an expanse of desert, dotted with palm trees. On the left is what appears to be a cluster of delimited zones for various cultivation purposes. And at the bottom is an enclosure, with a farmhouse, surrounded by a thicker number of trees.
Location: Timimoun (near to).

PHOTO0000001527

English transcription: The Arid Zones Research Institute, which receives assistance from UNESCO. Study of condensation.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Étude de la condensation.
Description: Two men crouching to look into a cased, transparent apparatus for measuring water condensation. An upside-down bottle is feeding water into it. The men are wearing white shirts with long sleeves.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001528

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute receives UNESCO assistance. Study of water on experimental ground.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Étude de l'eau sur le terrain expérimental.
Description: Outdoors, two men are working at a round shallow hole in the ground, lined with bricks and metal. One man, wearing a traditional garment and cloth headdress is pouring water into a metal container connected to rubber tubes leading into the hole. Another man - wearing a white shirt - is standing in the hole, writing in a notebook. There are 3 other similar containers around the hole.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001529

English transcription: The United Nations Development Programme is providing assistance to the Government of Iraq, in co-operation with the Scientific Research Council of Iraq, in the organization of the Iraq Institute for Research and Exploitation of Natural Resources at Abu Ghraib. UNESCO has the responsibility for the implementation of this Project. Drainage ditch for reclamation of saline land.
French transcription: Le Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement assiste le Gouvernement de l'Irak en collaboration avec le Conseil irakien de la Recherche scientifique, dans l'organisation de l'Institut pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation des ressources naturelles du pays à Abu Ghraib. L'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution de ce projet chargé de s'occuper essentiellement de la mise en valeur, pour l'agriculture, des terres salées et appauvries. Ici, canalisation pour la désalinisation et l'irrigation.
Description: Through a network of twigs and branches, a long ditch containing water, with a sign in the foreground reading "Drainage & Reclamation Experiment." In the background are two buildings on either side of the ditch.
Location: Abu Ghraib.

PHOTO0000001530

English transcription: Negev Institute for Arid Zone Research. In the early years of its existence, this Institute was assisted by UNESCO and much of its present equipment was provided by the Organization. Equipment to remove the salt from sea-water.
French transcription: Institut du Negev pour la recherche dans les zones arides. Cet organisme a été subventionné au début par l'UNESCO qui a ainsi fourni une grande partie de l'équipement. Un des appareils composant l'installation spéciale pour la dessalinisation de l'eau de mer.
Description: A man wearing a striped shirt, shorts and plastic tongs, holding a screw driver in his right hand, adjusting a large machine mounted on wheels.
Location: Beersheba.

PHOTO0000001532

English transcription: Negev Institute for Arid Zone Research. In the early years of its existence, this Institute was assisted by UNESCO and much of its present equipment was provided by the Organisation. Equipment to remove the salt from sea-water.
French transcription: Institut du Negev pour la recherche dans les zones arides. Cet organisme a été subventionné au début par l'UNESCO qui a ainsi fourni une grande partie de l'équipement. Un des appareils composant l'installation spéciale pour la dessalinisation de l'eau de mer.
Location: Beersheba.

PHOTO0000001533

English transcription: Negev Institute for Arid Zone Research. In the early years of its existence, this Institute was assisted by UNESCO and much of its present equipment was provided by the Organisation. Installation to remove the salt from sea-water.
French transcription: Institut du Negev pour la recherche dans les zones arides. Cet organisme a été subventionné au début par l'UNESCO qui a ainsi fourni une grande partie de l'équipement. Installations pour la dessalinisation de l'eau de mer.
Description: A man wearing a striped short and shorts handling several devices attached to wires and metal and plastic coiled pipes.
Location: Beersheba.

PHOTO0000001535

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute receives UNESCO assistance. Study of water on experimental ground.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Étude de l'eau sur le terrain expérimental.
Description: A man wearing a lab coat crouching on a long, thin wooden plank over a small, round, pool of water bordered by bricks. The man has a long stick in his hand. There is some kind of device in the water.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001538

English transcription: The Arequipa high plateau. In the background, Mount Chachani (approx. 20,000 ft.).
French transcription: Le haut-plateau d'Arequipa - Au fond, le mont Chachani (6.076 m.).
Description: Brushland with what looks like remains of dead animals in the foreground and a mountain range in the background.
Location: Arequipa Province.

PHOTO0000001539

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute which receives UNESCO assistance. Hydrological research on experimental ground. Left, Mr. L. Pavel, UNESCO expert from Czechoslovakia.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Recherches hydrologiques sur le terrain expérimental. Ici, M. L. Pavel (Tchécoslovaquie), expert de l'UNESCO.
Description: Two men, one wearing a lab coat, bent over, and holding a stick with wires attached, the other dressed in local garb, holding a bottle. There are several lines of bricks on the ground. There seems to be a large, empty, metal cylinder in the background.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001540

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute which is assisted by UNESCO. Drainage and reclamation experiment. Left, an irrigation canal.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Terrain d'essai de mise en valeur du sel. A g., canal d'irrigation.
Description: Long, narrow irrigation canal, with two men, holding digging instruments with long handles. Both men wear head coverings and one is wearing a long traditional garment.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001541

English transcription: The Arid Zones Research Institute, which receives assistance from UNESCO. Study of condensation.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Étude de la condensation.
Description: Three men wearing white shirts putting in place a curved instrument with tubes for condensation experiment.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001542

English transcription: The United Nations Development Programme is providing assistance to the Government of Iraq, in co-operation with the Scientific Research Council, in the organisation of the Iraq Institute for Research and Exploitation of Natural Resources at Abu Ghraib. UNESCO has the responsibility for the implementation of this project. Experimental ground.
French transcription: Le Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement assiste le Gouvernement de l'Irak, en collaboration avec le Conseil irakien de la Recherche scientifique, dans l'organisation de l'Institut pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation des ressources naturelles du pays à Abu Ghraib. L'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution de ce projet chargé de s'occuper essentiellement de la mise en valeur, pour l'agriculture, des terres salées et appauvries. Terrain expérimental.
Description: A man wearing a suit and tie, carrying a notebook and walking in a dry field with a shallow ditch marked with signs on small pickets.
Location: Abu Ghraib.

PHOTO0000001543

English transcription: Parched earth in the Negev Desert.
French transcription: Terre aride dans le désert du Negev.
Description: Cracked, parched desert land.
Location: Dimona Region.

PHOTO0000001545

English transcription: A UNESCO representative is attached to the Desert Institute of Cairo. Shown here, pots of soil being tested by a specialist.
French transcription: Un expert de l'UNESCO est attaché à l'Institut du Désert au Caire. Ici des échantillons du sol sont examinés par un spécialiste.
Description: A man working outside of a large enclosure made of wood and metal mesh, wearing glasses and white short-sleeved shirt crouching down on ground and touching soil in an earthen pot with III marked on it. Many pots some empty and some numbered and filled with soil can be seen and in background several sacks which are most likely filled with soil. The empty and filled pots seem to be separated by the metal mesh screen.
Location: Cairo.

PHOTO0000001546

English transcription: Pakistan Forest Institute, a United Nations Special Fund Project. Research workers at the Institute study various plants and shrubs which can be made to thrive in arid zones. Professor Khattak examines an acacia cyanophylla.
French transcription: Institut forestier pakistanais (Projet du Fonds Spécial des Nations Unies). Les chercheurs de l'Institut étudiant les différents plantes et arbustes pouvant s'adapter à la zone aride. Ici, le Professeur Khattak examine un acacia cyanophylla.
Description: A man wearing long-sleeved white shirt examining long thin leaves and small round flowers of a small bushy tree. Another man in traditional dress has hands on the very dry, cracked ground. There is a small sign attached to a picket stuck in the ground and reading cyanophylla australia.
Location: Peshawar.

PHOTO0000001547

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute which receives UNESCO assistance. Study on condensation with the aid of a solar oven.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Étude de la condensation à l'aide d'un four solaire.
Description: Three men, one partially hidden by a small rectangular board, attached to a 3-sided tub lined with a reflecting material. Two other men are working around a very large round concave metal dish with a pipe in the centre upon which is a small round mesh plate holding a small frying pan. One of the men is bent over next to the dish hands on knees intently examining the situation. A ring is visible on his left hand. The other man wearing a watch on his left wrist is standing upright and holding the handle of the frying pan.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001548

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. Water supply for the oasis.
French transcription: A la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800,000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydro-agricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20.000 à 30.000 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. Poste distributeur d'eau pour les oasis.
Description: A man wearing dark shirt and pants with back turned to camera, looking down at a site in the ground surrounded by mesh wire in a rocky, desert landscape surrounded by trees.

PHOTO0000001549

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. Feeder pipes carrying water for irrigation from the underground source at Zelfana.
French transcription: A la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800.000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydro-agricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20.000 à 30.000 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. Installations d'amenée d'eau à Zelfana pour l'irrigation.
Description: In the foreground huge waterpipes, the connections of which are covered by a dark material, in front of a one-story rectangular building under construction. There are two men on top of the building, one bent ove and the othe carring a pail, and there are small piles of stones and large metal open-ended tubes at the site, which is surrounded by wire-mesh fencing. There are also several small trees at the site.
Location: Zelfana.

PHOTO0000001550

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. Metering equipment at well head which measures height of water table.
French transcription: A la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800.000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydroagricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20.000 à 30.000 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. Appareil de mesure du débit d'eau.
Description: A rectangular meter with a Bosco & Co Torino metal plate showing a meter reading of 0.56 and containing a roll of continuous form paper with holes on each side and enclosed in glass. The meter is set on a large pipe and is inside a site surrounded by wire mesh. In the distance a desert landscape.

PHOTO0000001552

English transcription: At the request of the Governments of Algeria and Tunisia, a study of the ground water resources of the Northern Sahara was undertaken by UNESCO, acting as the executing Agency for the United Nations Development Programme. According to the experts, this immense territory of 500,000 sq. miles contains sufficient underground water to guarantee the agricultural development of double the existing irrigated land which could conceivably create 20,000 to 30,000 new jobs by the year 2000. Drilling station at Zelfana. An expert (right) and a technician examining the overflow.
French transcription: A la demande des gouvernements algérien et tunisien, une étude des ressources en eau du sous-sol du Sahara septentrional a été entreprise par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour le développement dont l'UNESCO est l'agent d'exécution. Selon les experts, cet immense territoire de 800.000 km2 recèle toute l'eau nécessaire pour garantir le développement hydroagricole en doublant la surface des terres irriguées et pour favoriser la création de 20.000 à 30.000 emplois nouveaux d'ici à l'an 2000. Forage à Zelfana. Un expert (à dr.) et un technicien surveillent la mesure du débit d'eau.
Description: To men wearing jackets, crouching on rocky ledges at a water basin on either side of a water passage. The man on the right seems to be holding an instrument in the water and the man on the left has his right hand in the water and seems to have a cigarette between his lips. There also seems to be a man carrying an instrument or firearm at the extreme center right of the photo.

PHOTO0000001553

English transcription: The Arid Zone Research Institute which receives UNESCO assistance. Research on soil on experimental ground.
French transcription: Institut de recherche sur la zone aride assisté par l'UNESCO. Recherches sur la mise en valeur du sol sur le terrain expérimental.
Description: Outdoors, a man - wearing white shirt and tie, with rolled up sleeves - crouched before 1of 5 muddy pits of soil, looking into the interior of a soil study mechanism.
Location: Baghdad.

PHOTO0000001554

French transcription: Désertification dans le nord.
Description: Sur un terre aride se tient un arbre complètement mort. Il est entouré par du bois mort et des arbrisseaux. La terre semble sèche et sabloneuse.

PHOTO0000001555

French transcription: Extrait de l'album "Eaux Rares" publié par les Presses de l'UNESCO - 1981.
Description: Two young women , with back to camera, together carrying a large pail, that must be full of water. They are walking through a rocky terrain with no vegetation. There seems to be someone on the left side of the photo standing on or behind a mound.

PHOTO0000001563

English transcription: Irrigation workers on the arid Puszta, near Debrecen. In recent years, this formerly unproductive region has produced good crops of wheat and rice.
French transcription: Travail d'irrigation sur la Puszta. Depuis quelques années, cette région aride arrive à produire de bonnes récoltes de blé et de riz grâce à l'irrigation.
Description: In a large field of the Puszta (The Great Hungarian Plain) a man wearing a hat and rubber boots is standing on a caterpillar-wheeled farm machine. He appears to be pumping water out of a well or spring, and - with a chain in his hand - shooting it far out over the field with a powerful overhead water cannon.
Location: Debrecen (near).

PHOTO0000001593

English transcription: Arid Zones - sources of drinking water are rare in this region and are used by people from miles around. Shown here is the queue awaiting their turn at the pump.
French transcription: Zones arides - les points d'eau douce sont rares dans cette région et on y vient de très loin. Ici, on fait queue autour de l'un de ces points.
Description: Several men in traditional garb pulling water from a well or waiting their turn. Some men are sitting on donkeys laden with water jugs in woven baskets.
Location: Tafilalet district.

PHOTO0000001594

English transcription: Arid zones - children of the Ksar.
French transcription: Zones arides -des enfants du Ksar.
Description: Young children in djellabas (2 hanging from tree limbs and a sling) standing/playing on the other side of a road in front of the entrance to a two-tower white ksar (castle).
Location: Tafilalet region.

PHOTO0000001595

English transcription: Arid zones - tea is the most important drink in Morocco. Children as well as adults drink it.
French transcription: Zones arides - enfants comme adultes boivent du thé qui est la boisson principale de la population marocaine.
Description: At home, a man and 2 children are sitting on the floor in front of a large kettle atop a small cooker. They are in traditional garb and drinking tea in small tea glasses. There is a pair of babouches (slippers) on the floor next to the cooker, and 2 wall decorations (one with a hanging metal teapot) on the back wall.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001596

English transcription: North-eastern arid zone. Erosion of a farm's cultivated soil.
French transcription: Zone aride du nord-est. Érosion d'une terre cultivée à côté d'une ferme.
Description: Deeply ridged and eroded land in front of a leaning mud brick farmhouse and a barn (both with corrugated iron roofs), and a series of wooden stockades. In front of the house, a woman in white, and another in black - holding a baby - are looking at the camera. Three chickens can be spotted.
Location: Iguatu (Ceară State).

PHOTO0000001597

English transcription: Arid zones. Dates are precious food and often the main course of the nomads' meals in the far south of Morocco. Even the animals seem to be fond of them.
French transcription: Zones arides. Les dattes fournissent un aliment très précieux et bien souvent c'est le plat principal des repas des nomades de l'extrême sud marocain. Ici, les animaux semblent aussi goûter ces fruits précieux.
Description: A young boy with a ram, both sitting on a mat on the floor of a tent. They are eating dates from a large flat woven basket. The boy - in a white djellaba and wool cloak - has a traditionally styled shaved head. There is a large white metal cup in front of the boy.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001598

English transcription: Arid zones - nomads having a meal in their tent.
French transcription: Zones arides - vie nomade. Le repas sous la tente.
Description: A turbaned man, a young girl, and a young boy are sitting on the ground of a tent eating with their fingers from a large metal dish set into a flat woven basket.
Location: Goulimine region.

PHOTO0000001599

English transcription: Arid zones - nomad woman making flour for the preparation of her meal.
French transcription: Zones arides - vie nomade. Une femme nomade prépare la farine nécessaire à la confection du repas.
Description: A veiled woman sitting on the ground in a tent, hand-grinding flour. A large flat round woven basket is on the ground to her left.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001600

English transcription: The Oasis of Djanet is situated in a river wadi between the Plateau of Tassili des Ajjer and the sendy wastes of the Erg d'Admer. Due to the plentiful water supply, the non-nomadic inhabitants live by farming. To supplement their staple diet of dates, the people grow small patches of grain in the shade of the palms. Shown here is a farmer working on his May grain harvest.
French transcription: L'Oasis de Djanet est située au bord d'un oued, entre le Plateau du Tassili des Ajjer et l'Erg d'Admer. Les puits traditionnels fournissent l'eau en abondance permettant ainsi à la population sédentaire de la région de vivre de la culture. Ici, un fermier coupe du blé. En effet, grâce à l'irrigation, les villageois arrivent à cultiver les céréales dans leurs petits jardins, ce qui apporte un appoint appréciable à leur alimentation à base de dattes.
Description: Un homme en tenue traditionnelle, la tête recouverte d'un turban est en train de récolter du blé à la main. Au second plan, on devine un autre homme et de nombreux palmier.
Location: Oasis of Djanet.

PHOTO0000001601

English transcription: Nomad.
French transcription: Nomade.
Description: A barefoot, white-clad nomad, head and face swaddled in white cloth, sitting atop a dromedary. He is holding a rein, and a three-tined saddlehorn.

PHOTO0000001602

English transcription: Arid zones - camel market at Goulimine.
French transcription: Zones arides - marché aux chameaux à Goulimine.
Description: A busy outdoor dromedary market. A turbaned man - all in black - is sitting on a rock-strewn ground, hand holding a rope tied to the bridle of one of the beasts.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001603

English transcription: Desert scene.
French transcription: Scène de desert.
Description: Vue d'une caravane de chameau. On voit plus particulierement deux hommes sur leurs bêtes. Ils sont entièrement couverts l'un porte un keffier. L'autre a un fusil dans le dos. Au loins on aperçoit des constructions.

PHOTO0000001605

English transcription: Nomad life.
French transcription: Vie nomade.
Description: A white-swathed man leading a camel with two small children clinging to a saddle, followed by a second camel, being led by a woman under a protective tent-like structure. They appear to be leaving a fortified village behind them.

PHOTO0000001606

English transcription: Arid zones - collecting fuel is woman's work in this southern region of the country.
French transcription: Zones arides - le ramassage du bois est un travail réservé à la femme.
Description: In a desert landscape, a rural woman holding up high over her head a huge, tied bundle of wood for burning. She is accompanied by a girl, carrying a small boy on her back.
Location: Goulimine district.

PHOTO0000001607

English transcription: Arid zones - nomad baby drinking camel milk in a tent.
French transcription: Zones arides - vie nomade. Un petit enfant, sous la tente, s'est emparé d'une tasse remplie de lait de chameau.
Description: An infant, lying on its stomach on the floor of a tent, drinking camel milk from a large metal cup.
Location: Goulimine district.

PHOTO0000001608

English transcription: Arid zones - the water is fetched and carried by women when the water supply is not too far distant from the dewellings.
French transcription: Zones arides. Ce sont les femmes qui vont chercher l'eau lorsque le point d'eau n'est pas très éloigné de l'habitation.
Description: En plein desert, deux femmes portent sur leur épaule ou sur leur tête une cruche ou sceau d'eau. Elles se dirigent vers la ville. L'une est pieds nus, l'autre a des chaussures. On aperçoit en second plan un groupe d'hommes assis contre un mur.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001609

English transcription: Arid zones - traditional well in the Sahara regions. Water is drawn by a camel or a donkey.
French transcription: Zones arides - système de puits traditionnel des pays sahariens l'eau est puisée à l'aide d'un chameau ou d'un âne.
Description: A camel is being used by a man to draw water from a well of simple construction. The area they are in appears very arid and sandy with multiple palms visible in the background.
Location: Tafilalet Region.

PHOTO0000001610

English transcription: Arid zones - drinking-water hole near the Oued Reris.
French transcription: Zones arides -point d'eau potable auprès de l'oued Reris.
Description: A person with a striped shirt, pants, a belt, and a headband is filling an urn with water in a rocky desert. The person has a second urn.
Location: Tafilalet Region.

PHOTO0000001611

English transcription: The Tassili des Ajjer is a vast rocky sandstone plateau which, due to its altitude (5,000 ft.), has a comparatively humid climate. Because of this, the plateau is one of the rare zones in the Algerian south where vegetation has survived - in the main, cypresses and wild olive trees. Its inhabitants, the Touareg Ajjer, are nomadic shepherds. Shown here is a nomad family with their flocks setting up camp on the Tassili plateau, near the oasis of Djanet.
French transcription: Le Tassili Ajjer est un vaste plateau de grès dont l'altitude relativement élevée (1500 m.) lui confère une humidité qui a permis la survie d'une rare végétation (principalement cyprès et oliviers). Cette région est habitée par les Touaregs Ajjer ; nomades vivant des ressources que leur offrent leurs troupeaux de chèvres. Ici, nomades et leur troupeau de chèvres dans les environs de Tamrit sur le Plateau du Tassili près de l'Oasis de Djanet.
Description: A nomad family, known as the Touareg Ajjer, with their goat flocks setting up camp on the Tassili plateau, near the oasis of Djanet.
Location: Tassili des Ajjer.

PHOTO0000001612

English transcription: It only rains for three months a year in Niger. During the remaining nine months the ground cracks and the upper crust turns to dust which is blown about in the wind. The humidity is sometimes less than 1%.
French transcription: Il ne pleut que 3 mois par an au Niger. Durant les 9 mois de sécheresse (l'humidité est parfois de moins de 1%), la terre se fend puis se transforme en poudre que le vent disperse.
Description: A person is standing on the cracked rocks of a desert in a t-shirt and sun hat interacting with a dry patch of grass.

PHOTO0000001613

French transcription: Sénégal. Désertification dans le nord.
Description: A dead animal lies in the desert near what looks like its former herd. There are dry looking trees in the area.

PHOTO0000001614

English transcription: Dried garden.
French transcription: Jardin désséché.
Description: The image shows dry, cracked soil with dead plants that were a garden.
Location: Leghouat.

PHOTO0000001615

Description: 3 adults and 3 children are gathered around a fountain. With their feet or hands in the water and their white clothing, it seems that they are looking for some cooling off.

PHOTO0000001616

English transcription: Waste water from the industrial town of Dimona is filtered and purified before being used again for irrigation purposes. Here, trees growing in the desert.
French transcription: Grâce à la récuperation des eaux usées de la nouvelle cité industrielle de Dimona qui ont été filtrées et purifiées, on a pu irriguer cette partie du désert et y faire pousser déjà quelques milliers d'arbres.
Description: A smoking man is shaking something which contains waste water to purify it by some means before using it for agriculture. There are grown trees immediately behind him, but the ground looks dry like a desert.
Location: Dimona Region / Negev.

PHOTO0000001617

English transcription: A heard of cattle looking for grazing ground, difficult to find in this arid region.
French transcription: Troupeau cherchant la pâture, rare en cette région désertique.
Description: In the foreground there is a herd of thin cattle. Behind are men herding the cattle, some are riding camels. In the foreground there is a small pond and a village with other people and animals visible.

PHOTO0000001618

English transcription: Camel Corps.
Description: Several men wearing keffiyeh are riding camels that have ornate tack.
Location: near Palmyra.

PHOTO0000001619

English transcription: Nomad.
French transcription: Nomade.
Description: A nomad woman riding a camel. She is wearing a burka and no shoes. On one hand she has a ring, in which she is also holding a riding whip.

PHOTO0000001620

English transcription: A well in the Atar region.
French transcription: Un puits dans la région d'Atar.
Description: A man is pulling up water with a rope from a simply constructed well. The area appears very sandy with palm like vegetation in the background.
Location: Atar.

PHOTO0000001621

English transcription: Arid zones - ploughing.
French transcription: Zones arides - labourage.
Description: A man with two emaciated cows ploughing a field. His head is covered by a scarf and he is wearing a necklace. He has no shoes. He wears a bracelet on each write. In one hand he is carrying a switch. The field is dry and barren. Some shrubbery and tall grass is seen in the background.
Location: Agadir and Tisnit area.

PHOTO0000001622

English transcription: Arid zones - this traditional water clock known as a 'tammat' times the outflow of irrigation water.
French transcription: Zones arides - appareil traditionnel sorte d'horloge à eau appelée tammat servant à mesurer le temps de distribution d'eau destinée à l'irrigation.
Description: Two men dressed in desert clothing are sitting around a water clock. It is a metal pot with a bowl in the middle. Both are filled with water. The background is very dry and rocky.
Location: Goulimine District .

PHOTO0000001623

English transcription: Arid zones. Nomad women weave their tents from goat and sheep wool on a traditional loom. These tents consist of several strips.
French transcription: Zones arides - la femme nomade tisse sa tente en laine de chèvre et de mouton sur un métier traditionnel. Elle se compose de plusieurs bandes.
Description: Dans un desert, des femmes sont en train de tisser. Elles sont assises par terre et travaillent à même le sol. L'une d'entre elles est debout et tiennent dans sa main une pelote de fil. Au second plan, on voit leur tente et des collines.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001624

English transcription: Encampment of nomads of the Danakil tribe in the Goudah Mountains. (The tents are made of palm fibre matting).
French transcription: Campement de Nomades Danakil dans les Monts Goudah. (Tente faite de nattes en fibres de Palmier doum).
Description: Four people, members of the Danakil Tribe are in front of a tent made of palm fibers in a somewhat grassy area.
Location: Somaliland Goudah Mountains.

PHOTO0000001625

English transcription: Arid Zones - members of the family having their meal on the terrace of their house. South Moroccans eat very little meat and few vegetables, most dishes are made of couscous or barley.
French transcription: Zones arides - la famille se rassemble sur la terrasse de la maison pour prendre son repas à base d'orge ou de couscous, les habitant du sud marocain consommant très peu de viande et de légumes.
Description: Sur une terrasse au moins trois génération d'une même famille sont en train de manger. Ils sont assis par terre. Une petite table sert à poser les verres et pichet. Chaque membre a un bol. Le grand père mange du pain.
Location: Tafilalet.

PHOTO0000001626

English transcription: Arid zones - branches of palmtrees are used for firewood.
French transcription: Zones arides - les branches de palmier servent de combustible.
Description: Dans une plaine sèche, un homme porte sur son dos un énorme fagot de feuilles de palmier. Il y a à ses côtés des moutons qui avancent. On voit derrière lui une palmeraie.
Location: Rafilalet region.

PHOTO0000001627

English transcription: Pilgrims resting on their way to the holy tomb of Sidi-Abdallah among the sand dunes.
French transcription: Pèlerinage de la Sidi-Abdallah. A une certaine époque de l'année les habitants du pays se rendent en pèlerinage près d'un tombeau (Marabout) au milieu des sables. Ici, le tombeau au milieu des dunes et les premiers pèlerins.
Description: A gathering - in the desert - of standing and seated pilgrims, around the stone tomb of Marabout Sidi-Abdalla. A laded camel is being towed towards the group.

PHOTO0000001628

English transcription: Arid zones - members of the family having their meal on the terrace of their house. South Moroccans eat very little meat and few vegetables, most dishes are made of couscous or barley.
French transcription: Zones arides - la famille se rassemble sur la terrasse de la maison pour prendre son repas à base d'orge ou de couscous, les habitants du sud marocain consommant très peu de viande et de légumes.
Description: A crouching mother - various pots and bowls on the ground in front of her - is preparing a meal for her 3 children (2 boys and a girl). The eldest boy is stretching his hand out to receive a partly filled bowl from his mother.
Location: Tafilalet, Region of.

PHOTO0000001629

English transcription: Nomad life.
French transcription: Vie nomade.
Description: A young nomad woman peering out of a leather and reed tent perched upon a wooden framework atop a camel.

PHOTO0000001630

English transcription: Arid zones - interior of a Berber home in the Anti-Atlas.
French transcription: Zones arides - scène à l'intérieur d'une maison berbère de l'Anti-Atlas.
Description: Two women in a room with stone walls. One of them is kneeling in front of a dish kneading dough.
Location: Goulimine.

PHOTO0000001631

English transcription: Desert scene.
Description: In a mountainous desert, a wide-spread encampment of and for passing nomads. In the foreground, a family with three camels and their belongings on the ground (except for the saddle blankets of the camels). All are seated except for one man.

PHOTO0000001642

English transcription: Arid zones modern seguia used as a watering-place for camels.
French transcription: Zones arides seguia moderne servant d'abreuvoir pour les chameaux.
Description: In the desert. In the foreground, several camels drinking in a water channel. In the background, we can also see other animals.
Location: Goulimine area.

PHOTO0000001644

English transcription: Many of the villages in the Atlas Mountains have no water supplies. To remedy this, small dams and canals are being built which will help conserve and control water from the mountain streams. Shown here is one of the canals.
French transcription: Dans l'Atlas central, un grand nombre de villages ne sont pas encore alimentés en eau. Pour y remédier, on construit de petits barrages ou des canaux pour retenir les eaux des rivières de montagne. Ici, un canal.
Description: Dans les montagnes, un homme vêtu d'habits traditionnels, marche le long d'un petit muret qui borde un canal. Un mur plus important borde l'autre côté du canal. Dans le fond, des arbres et un poteau.
Location: Ourika, near Marrakesh.

PHOTO0000001649

English transcription: Transport of water.
French transcription: Transport de l'eau.
Description: Un jeune homme monté sur un âne qui transporte des jarres dans des paniers. Au second plan, des murs crènelés et des arbres et des palmier.
Location: Erfoud.

PHOTO0000001657

French transcription: Vie quotidienne de Touaregs du Hoggar, Algérie.
Description: A young boy is pouring water from a bucket linked to a rope going around a pulley. There are several buckets full of water on the ground. Woods are around the well-hole.
Location: Hoggar.

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